The parttern of health problems in children (0-5) years in Police Residential Areas in Khartoum State .

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Research type: Research Paper

Authors: Mohamed, El Sadig Yousif .

Abstract: This community-based study was conducted during September and October 1997, to determine the most prevailing health problems among children (0-5) years in police residential areas in Khartoum State. 375 children were enrolled in this study. Data was collected using questionnaires, general medical examination including temperature recording and measurements of weight and height. All the selected children were investigated for malaria using thin and thick blood films and stool for parasites. The most prevailing health problems affecting the study population were diarrhoeal diseases (26.2 percent), malnutrition (18.4 percent), ARI (7.2 percent) and malaria (5.6 percent). Diarrhoea was more prevalent when the source of water supply was outside the house and when pit latrines and septic tanks were used for defecation. The prevalence of diarrhoea was high when a latrine is not present in the house. Malnutrition was most prevalent when the duraion of breast-feeding was short and when the socio-economic status was low. ARI was most prevalent among older children and it is not associated with duration of breast-feeding. Malaria, which was caused mainly by P. FLALCIPARUM, was most prevalent among older age groups and it was not associated with the use of mosquito bed-nets. In order to improve the health status of the study popuation, health education and nutritional education programs were suggested, promotion of breast feeding and immunization were recommended and use of soak-away latrines should be encouraged .